“When the evening of this
life comes,” says John of the Cross, “you will be judged on love.” The
only question asked about the soul’s use of its house and the gifts that
were made to it will be: “Have you loved well?” All else will be
resumed in this—all thoughts, beliefs, desires, struggles and
achievements, all complex activities, for faith is nothing unless it is
the obscure vision of a loved Reality, and hope is nothing unless it is
the confidence of perfect love.
So, too, with all the
persons, events, opportunities, conflicts and choices proposed for the
soul’s purification and growth. Was everything that was done, done for
love’s sake? Were all the doors opened that the warmth of love might
fill the whole house; the windows cleaned that they might more and more
radiate from within its mysterious divine light?
For this is love: the immense
expansion of personality effected by the love of God, weaving together
the natural and the supernatural powers of the soul and filling them
with its abundant life. Overflowing the barriers of preference, passing
through all contrary appearance, it mediates the divine pity and
generosity to every mesh and corner of creation and rests at last in
God, who is the life and love of every soul.
What Is Love?
Love: that overworked and
ill-used word, often confused on the one hand with passion and on the
other with amiability. If we ask those who have known and taught the
life of the Spirit, they say that love is a passionate tendency, an
inward vital urge of the soul toward its Source, which impels every
living thing to pursue the most profound trend of its being, reaches
consciousness in the form of self-giving and of desire, and has its only
satisfying goal in God.
Pure love or charity—utter
self-giving which is our reply to the love of God—is the same as
sanctity. It is that which gives and gives and never demands.
To remain constant, we try to
respond to the love of God by seeking and serving Christ in our fellow
men. If we do that faithfully, giving ourselves to God’s purposes, we
will develop a depth of peaceful, devoted love that passes beyond the
need of being fed by feeling or the consolations of religion.
The Will Transformed
To love God, without demand
or measure, in and for Himself—this is charity, and charity is the
spiritual life. Only this most gently powerful of all attractions and
all pressures can capture and purify the will of man and subordinate it
to the great purpose of God; for as His love and will are one, so the
love and will of man must become one.
Therefore all other
purifications, disciplines and practices have meaning because they
prepare and contribute to the invasion and transformation of the heart
by the uncreated charity of God. “Thou art the Love wherewith the heart
For it is only when the
secret thrust of our whole being is thus reordered by God and set toward
God that peace is established in the house of life. Then the disorderly
energies of emotion and will are rectified and harmonized, and all the
various and wide-spreading love that we pour out toward other souls and
things is deepened, unselfed and made safe; because that which is now
sought and loved in them is the immanent divine thought and love.
Thus the will transformed in
charity everywhere discovers God. It sees behind and within even the
most unpleasing creatures the all-pleasing Creator, and loves and
cherishes in and for Him, that which in itself, never could be loved. It
discerns and adores His mysterious action within the most homely
activities and most disconcerting frustrations of the common life. And
by this glad recognition of that secret Presence, all the apprehensions
of the senses, all the conceivings of the mind, all the hoarded
treasures and experiences of the past, are cleansed and sanctified.
Love As the First Fruit
“The fruit of the Spirit,”
says the apostle Paul, “is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness,
goodness, faithfulness, meekness, temperance”—all the things the world
most needs. I do not think Paul arranged his list of the fruits of the
Spirit in a casual order. They represent a progressive series from one
point, and that point is love, the living, eternal seed from which all
We all know that Christians
are baptized “into a life summed up in love,” even though we have to
spend the rest of our own lives learning how to do it. Love, therefore,
is the budding-point from which all the rest come: that tender,
cherishing attitude; that unlimited self-forgetfulness, generosity and
kindness which is the attitude of God to all His creatures; and so must
be the attitude toward them that His Spirit brings forth in us.
To be unloving is to be out
of touch with God. So the generous, cherishing divine love, the
indiscriminate delight in others, just or unjust, must be our model too.
To come down to brass tacks, God loves the horrid man at the fish shop
and the tiresome woman in the next flat and the disappointing Vicar and
the contractor who has cut down the row of trees we loved to build a row
of revolting bungalows.
God loves, not tolerates,
these wayward, half-grown, self-centered spirits and seeks without
ceasing to draw them into His love. And the first-fruit of His
indwelling presence, the first sign that we are on His side and He on
ours, must be at least a tiny bud of this love breaking the hard and
rigid outline of our lives.
Evelyn Underhill (1875-1941) was one of the greatest mystical and devotional writers of the Anglican Church.