Under the old covenant, the anointing oil had one exclusive purpose. In a symbolic act of consecration, it was poured out on prophets, priests and kings and on the tabernacle, the ark of the covenant and all the individual utensils that were employed in the worship of God.
It was compounded according to strict instructions, and although its ingredients were earthly, everything about it was rich in sacred symbolism. Any vessel thus anointed was set apart for a holy purpose and calling unto the Lord.
READ: Ex. 30:17-29; Ex. 30:30-33; Ps. 92:8-15; Song 4:12-15; Acts 10:34-38; 1 John 2:20-27.