AP Images/Slamet Riyadi
Suspected Islamists were
behind the burning of three homes used as churches on Sumatra Island’s
Riau Province this month, though a political motive may also have played
a role, Christian leaders said.
Muslim mobs burned the
meeting places of a Batak Karo Protestant Church (GBKP) congregation and
a Pentecostal Church in Indonesia (GPDI) group on Aug. 1, and that of a
Methodist Church of Indonesia on Aug. 2, all in Kuantan Singingi
Provincial GBKP leader Sahat Tarigan reportedly
said about 100 people on motorcycles arrived at the home at 11 p.m. on
Aug. 1, throwing stones, threatening church members with knives and
ultimately pouring gasoline and setting it on fire. A number of church
members were inside painting at the time of the attack, but there were
no casualties, Tarigan told Radio 68H News Agency.
The same mob also set the GPDI home on fire some five kilometers (three miles) away, he said.
do not know where they came from, but certainly we have no problem with
local people,” he told Radio 68H. “Those who burned the churches are
not residents who live around us.”
Tarigan said the home
where the GBKP church meets was built about three years ago, and area
residents have never objected to any worship there. He said he did not
know the reason mobs set the home on fire, though Metrotvnews reported
that an area Muslim said the site lacks a permit and that the singing
bothers Muslims fasting by day for Ramadan.
executive secretary of the Communion of Churches in Indonesia, Jeirry
Sumampow, said he suspected political motives. An election in April in
which all churches in the Kuantan Tengah sub-district backed the winning
regent may have played a role, he said.
“I regret that the church has been the victim of political in-fighting,” Sumampow told Compass.
said those who burned the house churches were not dressed as hard-line
Muslim demonstrators customarily are. He noted that the incident
occurred only in the one sub-district where the churches backed the
“At the time of the election there
was tension, because the Christians in the sub-district openly stated
their support for the candidate who is now elected,” he said.
said he regretted that police were slow to react to the attacks of Aug.
1, which contributed to the third house church burning on Aug. 2.
governor of Riau Province urged citizens to refrain from vigilante
violence. Riau Provincial Administration spokesman Chairul Rizky said
the governor ordered the regent of Kuantan Singingi to urge residents to
resolve conflicts with dialogue rather than force.
said that although the house churches do not have permits, arson cannot
be tolerated. Though the governor ordered police to protect church sites
that have permits, this does not mean that people can attack those that
do not have permits, he said.
“The governor ordered
police to protect places of worship that have been permitted, and to not
let anyone take the law into their own hands to solve problems,” Rizky
told Radio 68H. “So, we hope this problem can be resolved in a short
time, so that Christians can pray without being disturbed.”
added that the three house churches did not have permits because their
leaders sought only housing authorization, rather than church permits.
head of Criminal Police in Kuansing, AKP Darmawan, confirmed the
attacks, telling Vivanews.com the structures set on fire were not church
buildings but private homes made of wood.
chairman of the Setara Institute for Democracy and Peace, Bonar Tigor
Naipospos, said he regretted the burning of churches during Ramadan,
adding that Muslims who are fasting during the month are supposed to be
able to restrain their passions.
The former chairman of the
Muhammadiyah socio-economic reform movement in Indonesia, H. Ahmad
Shafi Ma’arif, was furious over the church burnings.
crazy people want to burn churches, and no matter what the reason, such
incidents cannot be tolerated,” Ma’arif reportedly said, adding that
such incidents continue to occur because law enforcement is weak.
At press time Riau Provincial Police had reportedly questioned 21 witnesses and arrested two suspects.
West Jakarta, about 100 hard-line Muslims from the Betawi Rempug Forum
(FBR) went to a three-story shop where Maranata Bible Church meets in
Jalan Kacang Tanah, Bojong Indah, on July 31 and demanded that it close
because it was operating without a permit.
with the Islamist group for half an hour, church leaders agreed to stop
worship services and remove the church sign until it obtains a permit,
though no area residents had complained about the church.
to obtain the permit from the mayor of West Jakarta immediately, Pastor
Silas Kusah said he had already obtained permission from local
residents for the church to operate. Area residents have never
complained about the existence of the church, which has been active for
three-and-a- half years, he said.
The head of the Cengkareng sub-district reportedly said the church had no permits because residents had presented no objections.
Setara Institute’s Bonar said that as no one in the area disputed the
existence of the church, there should be no problems with the processing
of its application for a permit.